Linguistics

[ undergraduate program | graduate program | faculty ]

All courses, faculty listings, and curricular and degree requirements described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice. Updates may be found on the Academic Senate website: http://senate.ucsd.edu/catalog-copy/approved-updates/.

Courses

For course descriptions not found in the UC San Diego General Catalog, 2014–15, please contact the department for more information.

Note: Not all courses are offered every year. It is essential that students consult the linguistics adviser when planning their degree programs.

Linguistics

Lower Division

3. Language as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon (4)

The role of language in thought, myth, ritual, advertising, politics, and the law. Language variation, change, and loss; multilingualism, pidginization and creolization; language planning, standardization, and prescriptivism; writing systems. Prerequisites: none. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

4. Language as a Cognitive System (4)

Fundamental issues in language and cognition. Differences between animal communication, sign systems, and human language; origins and evolution of language; neural basis of language; language acquisition in children and adults. Prerequisites: none.

5. The Linguistics of Invented Languages (4)

Introduction to the study of language through the investigation of invented languages, whether conscious (Elvish, Klingon, Esperanto) or unconscious (creoles, twin/sibling languages). Students will participate in the invention of a language fragment. Topics discussed include language structure, history, culture, and writing systems. Prerequisites: none. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

7. Sign Language and Its Culture (4)

Deaf history since the eighteenth century. The structure of American Sign Language and comparison with oral languages. ASL poetry and narrative and Deaf people’s system of cultural knowledge. Basic questions concerning the nature of language and its relation to culture. Prerequisites: none.

8. Languages and Cultures in America (4)

Language in American culture and society. Standard and nonstandard English in school, media, pop-culture, politics; bilingualism and education; cultural perception of language issues over time; languages and cultures in the “melting pot,” including Native American, Hispanic, African American, Deaf. Prerequisites: none.

17. Making and Breaking Codes (4)

A rigorous analysis of symbolic systems and their interpretations. Students will learn to encode and decode information using progressively more sophisticated methods; topics covered include ancient and modern phonetic writing systems, hieroglyphics, computer languages, and ciphers (secret codes). Prerequisites: none.

87. Freshman Seminar (1)

The Freshman Seminar Program is designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small seminar setting. Freshman Seminars are offered in all campus departments and undergraduate colleges, and topics vary from quarter to quarter. Enrollment is limited to fifteen to twenty students, with preference given to entering freshmen.

Upper Division

101. Introduction to the Study of Language (4)

Language is what makes us human, but how does it work? This course focuses on speech sounds and sound patterns, how words are formed, organized into sentences, and understood, how language changes, and how it is learned. Prerequisites: none.

105. Law and Language (4)

The interpretation of language in understanding the law: 1) the language of courtroom interaction (hearsay, jury instructions); 2) written legal language (contracts, ambiguity, legal fictions); 3) language-based issues in the law (First Amendment, libel and slander). Prerequisites: none.

108. Languages of Africa (4)

Africa is home to an astonishing variety of languages. This course investigates the characteristics of the major language families as well as population movements and language contact, and how governments attempt to regulate language use. Prerequisites: none.

110. Phonetics (4)

The study of sounds that are used in human languages. How speech sounds are physically produced; acoustics of speech; speech perception; practical training in phonetic transcription and in interpreting visual representations of the acoustic signal. The class covers both English and its dialects and languages other than English. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, concurrent enrollment in LIGN 101, or consent of instructor.

111. Phonology I (4)

Why does one language sound different from another? This course analyzes how languages organize sounds into different patterns, how those sounds interact, and how they fit into larger units, such as syllables. Focus on a wide variety of languages and problem solving. Prerequisites: LIGN 110.

119. First and Second Language Learning: From Childhood through Adolescence (4)

(Same as EDS 119) An examination of how human language learning ability develops and changes over the first two decades of life, including discussion of factors that may affect this ability. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

120. Morphology (4)

How do some languages express with one word complex meanings that English needs several words to express? Discovery of underlying principles of word formation through problem solving and analysis of data from a wide variety of languages. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

121. Syntax I (4)

What universal principles determine how words combine into phrases and sentences? Introduction to research methods and results. Emphasis on how argumentation in problem-solving can be used in the development of theories of language. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

130. Semantics (4)

Introduction to the formal study of meaning. What is the meaning of a word? What is the meaning of a sentence? Which role does the context play in determining linguistic meaning? Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

141. Language Structures (4)

Detailed investigation of the structure of one or more languages. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

143. The Structure of Spanish (4)

Surveys aspects of Spanish phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax. Topics include dialect differences between Latin American and Peninsular Spanish (both from a historical and contemporary viewpoint), gender classes, verbal morphology, and clause structure. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

144. Discourse Analysis: American Sign Language and Performing Arts (4)

A discourse-centered examination of ASL verbal arts: rhyme, meter, rhythm, handedness, nonmanual signals, and spatial mapping; creation of scene and mood; properties of character, dialogue, narration, and voice; cultural tropes; poetic constructions in everyday genres; transcription, body memory and performance. Prerequisites: LISL 1C/1CX or consent of instructor. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

146. Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities (4)

An examination of sociolinguistic research on Deaf communities throughout the world, including: sociohistorical contexts for phonological, lexical and syntactic variation, contact between languages, multilingualism, language policies and planning, second language learning, language attitudes, and discourse analysis of specific social contexts. Course will be conducted in ASL. Prerequisites: LISL 1C/1CX or consent of instructor.

148. Psycholinguistics of Sign Language (4)

The study of how sign languages are structured, and how they are understood and produced by adults. Topics include the contrast between gesture and language, sign language acquisition, brain processing, sociolinguistics, and the role of sign language in reading. Prerequisites: LISL 1C/1CX or LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

150. Historical Linguistics (4)

Language is constantly changing. This course investigates the nature of language change, how to determine a language’s history, its relationship to other languages, and the search for common ancestors or “proto-language.” Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

155. Evolution of Language (4)

History of thought on language origins, genetic, neural, anatomical, and gestural theories of language evolution in relation to prior hominid and other species, the role of generational differences in language acquisition, and computational models. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

160. Pragmatics (4)

An introduction to the context-dependent aspects of language meaning. Topics include given versus new information, Gricean maxims and rules of conversation, presupposition, implicature, reference and cognitive status, discourse coherence and structure, and speech acts. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

165. Computational Linguistics (4)

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of computational linguistics, in which we study natural language syntax and semantics from an interpretation perspective, describe methods for programming computer systems to perform such interpretation, and survey applications of computational linguistics technology. Prerequisites: none.

170. Psycholinguistics (4)

The study of how humans learn, represent, comprehend, and produce language. Topics include visual and auditory recognition of words, sentence comprehension, reading, sentence production, language acquisition, neural representation of language, bilingualism, and language disorders. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

171. Child Language Acquisition (4)

A central cognitive, developmental mystery is how children learn their first language. Overview of research in the learning of sound systems, word forms and word meanings, and word combinations. Exploration of the relation between cognitive and language development. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

174. Gender and Language in Society (4)

(Same as SOCI 116.) This course examines how language contributes to the social construction of gender identities, and how gender impacts language use and ideologies. Topics include the ways language and gender interact across the life span, within ethnolinguistic minority communities in the US, across sexual orientations and cultures. Recommended preparation: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

175. Sociolinguistics (4)

The study of language in its social context, with emphasis on the different types of linguistic variation and the principles underlying them. Dialects, registers, gender-based linguistic differences, multilingualism, pidginization and creolization, factors influencing linguistic choice, formal models of variation; emphasis is given both to socially determined differences within the U.S. and US ethnic groups and to cross-cultural differences in language use and variation. Prerequisites: LIGN 101 or consent of instructor.

176. Language of Politics and Advertising (4)

How can we explain the difference between what is literally said versus what is actually conveyed in the language of law, politics, and advertising? How people’s ordinary command of language and their reasoning skills are used to manipulate them. Prerequisites: none.

177. Multilingualism (4)

Official and minority languages, pidgins and Creoles, language planning, bilingual education and literacy, code switching, and language attrition. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

179. Second Language Acquisition Research (4)

This course will investigate topics in second language acquisition including the critical period, the processing and neural representation of language in bilinguals, theories of second language acquisition and creolization, exceptional language learners, and parallels with first language acquisition. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

180. Language Representation in the Brain (4)

The mind/body problem, modularity, basic neuroanatomy, cerebral lateralization, re-evaluation of classical language areas, aphasia, dyslexia, the KE family and FOXP2 gene, mirror neurons, sign language, brain development, cortical plasticity, and localization studies of language processing (electrical stimulation, MEG, fMRI, and PET). Students may not receive credit for both LIGN 172 and LIGN 180. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

181. Language Processing in the Brain (4)

Modularity and models of language processing, basic neurophysiology, EEG/MEG, linguistic event-related brain potentials (ERPs), cross-linguistic functional significance of ERP components and their MEG correlates: N400, N400-700, lexical processing negativity, slow anterior negative potentials, (early) left anterior negativity, and late positivity. Prerequisites: LIGN 101, or upper-division standing, or consent of instructor.

192. Senior Seminar in Linguistics (1)

The Senior Seminar Program is designed to allow senior undergraduates to meet with faculty members in a small group setting to explore an intellectual topic in linguistics (at the upper-division level). Senior Seminars may be offered in all campus departments. Topics will vary from quarter to quarter. Senior Seminars may be taken for credit up to four times, with a change in topic, and permission of the department. Enrollment is limited to twenty students, with preference given to seniors. Prerequisites: department stamp and/or consent of instructor.

195. Apprentice Teaching (0–4)

Students lead a class section of a lower-division linguistics course. They also attend a weekly meeting on teaching methods. (This course does not count toward minor or major.) May be repeated for credit, up to a maximum of four units. (P/NP grades only.) Prerequisites: consent of instructor, advanced standing.

197. Linguistics Internship (2 or 4)

The student will undertake a program of practical research in a supervised work environment. Topics to be researched may vary, but in each case the course will provide skills for carrying out these studies. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

199. Independent Study in Linguistics (2 or 4)

The student undertakes a program of research or advanced reading in linguistics under the supervision of a faculty member of the Department of Linguistics. (P/NP grades only.) Prerequisites: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit.

199H. Honors Independent Study in Linguistics (4)

The student undertakes a program of research and advanced reading in linguistics under the supervision of a faculty member in the Department of Linguistics. (P/NP grades only.) Prerequisites: admission to Honors Program.

Graduate

200. Research Forum (2)

A forum for discussion of current issues. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

210. Phonetics (4)

This is an introduction to articulatory, acoustic, and auditory phonetics. Major phonetic theories in these areas, and the relationship between phonetics and phonology are discussed. The course also covers experimental design and methodology and provides hands-on experience with laboratory equipment. Prerequisites: none

211A. Phonology and Phonological Theory (4)

Introduction to the description and analysis of the sound patterns of language and to the construction of theoretical models, including cognitive rules, representations, and constraints.

211B. Phonological Research (4)

This course continues to develop the descriptive, analytical, and theoretical foci of LIGN 211A, with a focus on readings of established works and on individual student research projects. Prerequisites: LIGN 211A. Students who have not completed LIGN 211A may enroll with consent of instructor.

214. Topics in Phonetics (4)

This course examines recent developments in controversial areas of phonetics. Topics will vary, and will address issues in speech production (articulation; acoustics), speech perception, phonetic theory, and the relationship between phonetics and phonology. Prerequisites: LIGN 210, 211A, 211B, or consent of instructor.

215. Topics in Phonology (4)

Discussion of a topic of current phonological interest, with a focus on descriptive, analytical, and theoretical issues in phonology and phonological theory.

221A. Introduction to Grammatical Theory (4)

This course introduces basic syntactic phenomena and argumentation via the Government and Binding Theory of the 1980s. The phenomena, including NP-Movement, Binding, and Wh-Movement, have been important in the development of Generative Grammar and remain central to current generative frameworks.

221B. Introduction to Grammatical Theory (4)

This course continues to develop Principles and Parameters Theory, as introduced in 221A. It concentrates on A-bar dependencies and the Binding Theory. Focus will be on testing theoretical proposals and understanding the role of theoretical alternatives, underlying assumptions, and the empirical results upon which these theoretical proposals are based.

224. Lexicalist Theories of Grammar (4)

Introduction to conceptual issues and representational apparatus of lexicalist theories of grammar. Focus on empirical argumentation from numerous languages for lexicalist assumptions. Particular attention to lexical semantics, morphology, and syntax.

225. Topics in Syntax (4)

Descriptive and theoretical problems in syntactic analysis. Theoretical consequences of alternative analyses. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

230. Semantics (4)

Theories of semantic structure. The relation of meaning to grammar, and how it is to be accommodated in an overall model of linguistic organization. The application of formal semantics to the description of natural language.

232. Semantic Development (4)

(Same as Psychology 235.) This course will explore the development of concepts and linguistic meaning via classic case studies in semantics, including word learning, quantifier acquisition, and the foundations of mathematics. The course will draw on evidence from linguistics, the philosophy of language, and developmental psychology.

235. Topics in Semantics (2–4)

Advanced material in special areas of the study of meaning and its relation to formal aspects of human language. May be taken for credit three times as topics vary.

238. Topics in Cognitive Linguistics (0–4)

(Same as Cognitive Science 238.) Basic concepts, empirical findings, and recent developments in cognitive and functional linguistics. Language viewed dynamically in relation to conceptualization, discourse, meaning construction, and cognitive processing. As topics vary, may be repeated for credit.

240. Field Methods (4)

Techniques of discovering the structure of a language through elicitation of data from native speaker consultants. Phonemic, morphemic, and syntactic analysis. Prerequisites: LIGN 110 or equivalent.

241. Fieldwork (4)

Fieldwork continuing the research of the previous quarter; student-directed elicitations on topics of interest. Prerequisites: LIGN 240.

242. Discourse Interpretation (4)

A graduate course examining discourse interpretation from a computational perspective. Theoretically principled algorithms for resolving pronominal and other types of reference. The interpretation of ellipsis. Methods for recovering the structure of a discourse and determining its coherence.

245. Computational Corpus Linguistics (4)

Introduction to computational corpus tools for performing empirically-grounded linguistic investigations. Annotated and unannotated corpora; annotation schemes. Searching using regular expressions. UNIX tools. The PERL programming language. Publically available language processing systems.

247. Topics in Pragmatics (2–4)

Advanced material covering particular topics relating to the theoretical analysis of the pragmatics of natural languages. May be taken for credit three times as topics vary. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

248. Morphology (4)

Theories of word structure are examined and confronted with data from a variety of languages. Topics may include: the distinction between derivational and inflectional morphology, the morphology/phonology interface, and the morphology/syntax interface. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

251. Probabilistic Methods in Linguistics (4)

Probabilistic approaches to language knowledge, acquisition, and use. Quantitative analysis of linguistic data. Quantitative models in linguistic theory. Covers basic probability theory and tools of statistical analysis for language, including linear regression, ANOVA, generalized linear models (e.g., logistic regression), data visualization. Familiarity with probability theory highly encouraged.

252. Advanced Probabilistic Models of Language (4)

Probabilistic techniques for data analysis and modeling of linguistics cognition. Hierarchical (mixed-effects) regression, graphical models, Bayesian methods, latent-variable models, non-parametric models, probabilistic grammars. Course covers both mathematical foundations and working with datasets using state-of-the-art computational tools. Recommended prerequisite: LIGN 251 or equivalent course with emphasis on probabilistic methods in linguistics. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

256. Statistical Natural Language Processing (4)

(Same as CSE 256.) Introduction to modern statistical approaches to natural language processing: part-of-speech tagging, word-sense disambiguation and parsing, using Markov models, hidden Markov models, and probabilistic context-free grammars. Recommended prerequisites: one of LIGN 165, LIGN 245, CSE 151, CSE 250A, CSE 254. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

265. Topics in Computational Linguistics (4)

Advanced topics in computational linguistics of current interest. Subjects will vary, and may include computational morphology, syntax, semantics, discourse, psycholinguistics, or language change. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: none.

272. Topics in Neurolinguistics (4)

Issues of language representation and neural instantiation that arise in studies of neural imaging, language disorders, multilingualism and second language acquisition, animal communication, and the origins and evolution of language. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

274. Computational Psycholinguistics (4)

Investigation of problems in psycholinguistics—the study of how humans learn, represent, comprehend, and produce language—from a computational perspective. Research article readings covering word-level, sentence-level, and discourse-level processing. Prior background in psycholinguistics and/or computational linguistics highly recommended.

279. Topics in Language Acquisition (4)

Language acquisition is central to theories about human development, cognition, brain organization, and language origins and change. Topics include the role of input and critical periods on language outcome and processing, neural organization, and sign language creation. Prerequisites: none.

280. Sign Language Research (4)

An overview of sign language research in terms of how it informs language theory. Topics include the structure of ASL, acquisition, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic processing of sign language in comparison to spoken language, critical period effects, and language evolution. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

281. Language Acquisition Theory and Research (4)

Children’s first language acquisition and how it illuminates linguistic, cognitive, and neurolingusitic theory. Topics include past and current research with a focus on design, methodology, and data analysis in child language.

282. Biology and Environment in Language Acquisition (4)

How the environment and the biology of language, including sensory motor modality and neural development, affect language development. Topics include the paradigms used to study the critical period for language.

293. Research Practicum (0–4)

Gathering and interpreting data, formulating research questions and hypotheses, making the predictions of hypotheses explicit, finding relevant evidence, and organizing research results into suitable form for presentation in abstracts, talks, and research papers. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

296. Directed Research (1–8)

Individual research. May be repeated for credit.

299. Doctoral Research (1–12)

Directed research on dissertation topic for students who have been admitted to candidacy for the PhD degree. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: advancement to candidacy.

502. Apprentice Teaching of Linguistics (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in the department’s linguistics courses, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques, and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. The student must be serving as a teaching assistant in a LIGN course to receive credit.

503. Apprentice Teaching of American Sign Language (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in American Sign Language, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

504. Apprentice Teaching of French (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in French, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

505. Apprentice Teaching of German (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in German, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

506. Apprentice Teaching of Italian (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Italian, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

507. Apprentice Teaching of Spanish (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Spanish, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

508. Apprentice Teaching of Language/Directed Study (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in language directed study, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, directing study of various uncommonly taught languages, sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

509. Apprentice Teaching, Head Teaching Assistant (1–4)

This course, designed for a graduate student serving as Head Teaching Assistant in the Linguistics Language Program, includes discussion of teaching methods and materials, and classroom observation, directing study of various uncommonly taught languages, sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course.

510. Apprentice Teaching of Arabic (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Arabic, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

511. Apprentice Teaching of Portuguese (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Portuguese, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

512. Apprentice Teaching of Heritage Korean (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Heritage Korean, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U only.) May be repeated for credit.

513. Apprentice Teaching of Heritage Vietnamese (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Heritage Vietnamese, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U only.) May be repeated for credit.

514. Apprentice Teaching of Heritage Persian (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Heritage Persian, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

515. Apprentice Teaching of Heritage Filipino (1–4)

The course, designed for graduate students serving as teaching assistants in Heritage Filipino, includes discussion of teaching theories, techniques and materials, conduct of discussion sessions, and participation in examinations, under the supervision of the instructor in charge of the course. (S/U grades only.) May be repeated for credit.

Courses

Language

Linguistics Language Program Office, 3016 Applied Physics and Mathematics Building, Muir College

Students are placed in foreign language courses based on prior preparation and, for French, German, Italian, and Spanish, on the results of a placement test. Information on taking the placement exam is available at http://ling.ucsd.edu/language/placement-test.html or at the Linguistics Language Program Office (3016 Applied Physics and Mathematics Building). For placement in Arabic, American Sign Language, or Portuguese contact the Linguistics Language Program Office (3016 Applied Physics and Mathematics Building).

Conversation sections (Linguistics 1A-1B-1C-1D) consist of small tutorial meetings, plus reading and assigned laboratory work. Analysis sections (Linguistics 1AX-1BX-1CX-1DX) consist of presentation and practice of grammatical structures, discussion sections, assigned laboratory work, and outside reading. Each course in the 1A-1B-1C-1D series must be taken concurrently with the corresponding course in the 1AX-1BX-1CX-1DX series.

Heritage Language courses are offered in Arabic, Armenian, Cantonese, Filipino, Hindi, Korean, Persian, and Vietnamese. These courses are designed for students with a background in the language who want to improve their oral and written expression.

Linguistics 11 courses are self-instructional: intended for reading the language for scholarly purposes. They are particularly aimed at graduate students preparing to fulfill French or German reading requirements.

Linguistics 19 courses, offered in more than sixty languages, are designed for self-instructional study at an introductory level. Students may enroll for two or four units of credit. For some languages, depending on the availability of suitable materials, the course may be repeated for credit.

AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1A. American Sign Language Conversation (2.5)

Small tutorial meetings with a signer of American Sign Language (ASL). Conversational practice organized around common everyday communicative situations. Must be taken with LISL 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of ASL.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1AX. Analysis of American Sign Language (2.5)

Study of American Sign Language (ASL) and analysis of its syntactic, morphological, and phonological features. Readings and discussions of cultural information. The course is taught entirely in ASL. Must be taken with LISL 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of ASL.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1B. American Sign Language Conversation (2.5)

Small tutorial meetings with a signer of American Sign Language (ASL). Conversational practice organized around common everyday communicative situations. Must be taken with LISL 1BX. Prerequisites: LISL 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1BX. Analysis of American Sign Language (2.5)

Study of American Sign Language (ASL) and analysis of its syntactic, morphological, and phonological features. Readings and discussions of cultural information. The course is taught entirely in ASL. Must be taken with LISL 1B. Prerequisites: LISL 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1C. American Sign Language Conversation (2.5)

Small tutorial meetings with a signer of American Sign Language (ASL). Conversational practice organized around common everyday communicative situations. Must be taken with LISL 1CX. Prerequisites: LISL 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1CX. Analysis of American Sign Language (2.5)

Study of American Sign Language (ASL) and analysis of its syntactic, morphological, and phonological features. Readings and discussions of cultural information. The course is taught entirely in ASL. Must be taken with LISL 1C. Prerequisites: LISL 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1D. American Sign Language Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in American Sign Language. Emphasis on developing signing fluency and greater cultural awareness. Practice of the principal language functions needed for successful communication. Must be taken in conjunction with LISL 1DX. Successful completion of LISL 1D and LISL 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LISL 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1DX. Analysis of American Sign Language (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in American Sign Language. Must be taken in conjunction with LISL 1D. Successful completion of LISL 1D and LISL 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LISL 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISL 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 1E. Intermediate American Sign Language Conversation (4)

Course aims to improve language skills through discussion of topics relevant to the Deaf community. Central topics will include education and American Sign Language (ASL) literature. Conducted entirely in American Sign Language. Prerequisites: LISL 1D and LISL 1DX with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/American Sign Language (LISL) 5A, 5B, 5C. Fundamentals of American Sign Language (5)

This course concentrates on those language skills essential for communication: signing, comprehension, grammar analysis, and deaf culture. UC San Diego students: LISL 5A is equivalent to LISL 1A/1AX, LISL 5B to LISL 1B/BX, and LISL 5C to LISL 1C/1CX. Enrollment is limited. Prerequisites: none for 5A; for 5B two or more years of ASL in high school or the first semester of college-level ASL. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered summer 2011.)

ARABIC

See also Linguistics “Heritage Language Program.”

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1A. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of Arabic.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1AX. Analysis of Arabic (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Arabic. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of Arabic.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1B. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1BX. Prerequisites: LIAB 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1BX. Analysis of Arabic (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Arabic. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1B. Prerequisites: LIAB 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1C. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1CX. Prerequisites: LIAB 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1CX. Analysis of Arabic (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Arabic. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1C. Prerequisites: LIAB 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1D. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1DX. Successful completion of LIAB 1D and 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIAB 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1DX. Analysis of Arabic (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Arabic. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1D. Successful completion of LIAB 1D and 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIAB 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIAB 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1E. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1EX. Prerequisites: LIAB 1D with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent, and LIAB 1DX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1EX. Arabic Conversation (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Arabic. Must be taken in conjunction with LIAB 1E. Prerequisites: LIAB 1D with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent, and LIAB 1DX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Arabic (LIAB) 1F. Intermediate Arabic Conversation and Analysis (4)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIAB 1E/1EX or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, vocabulary building, reading, grammar analysis, and culture. Prerequisites: LIAB 1E or equivalent or LIAB 1EX.

CHINESE

See “Chinese Studies.”

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

See also “Linguistics/Heritage Cantonese.”

ESPERANTO

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

Linguistics/Esperanto (LIEO) 5AS. Fundamentals of Esperanto I (5)

A communicative introduction to Esperanto for students with no prior exposure, with attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered in summer 2015.)

Linguistics/Esperanto (LIEO) 5BS. Fundamentals of Esperanto II (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIEO 5AS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. Prerequisites: LIEO 5AS or consent of instructor. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered in summer 2015.)

Linguistics/Esperanto (LIEO) 5CS. Fundamentals of Esperanto III (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIEO 5BS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. Prerequisites: LIEO 5BS or consent of instructor. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered in summer 2015.)

Linguistics/Esperanto (LIEO) 5DS. Fundamentals of Esperanto IV (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIEO 5CS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. Prerequisites: LIEO 5CS or consent of instructor. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered in summer 2015.)

Linguistics/Esperanto (LIEO) 12S. Esperanto for the Humanities and Social Sciences (5)

Readings and discussion on topics in humanities and social sciences. Conducted entirely in Esperanto. Prerequisites: consent of instructor. (Offered in Summer Session only. Not offered in summer 2015.)

FRENCH

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1A. French Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of French.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1AX. Analysis of French (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in French. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of French.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1B. French Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1BX. Prerequisites: LIFR 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1BX. Analysis of French (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in French. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1B. Prerequisites: LIFR 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1C. French Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1CX. Prerequisites: LIFR 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1CX. Analysis of French (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in French. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1C. Prerequisites: LIFR 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1D. French Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in French. Emphasis on speaking, reading, writing, and culture. Practice of the language functions needed for successful communication. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1DX. Successful completion of LIFR 1D and LIFR 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LIFR 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 1DX. Analysis of French (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in French. Must be taken in conjunction with LIFR 1D. Successful completion of LIFR 1D and LIFR 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LIFR 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIFR 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 5B, 5C, 5D. Fundamentals of French (5)

This course concentrates on those language skills essential for communication: listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. UC San Diego students: LIFR 5A is equivalent to LIFR 1A/1AX, LIFR 5B to LIFR 1B/1BX, LIFR 5C to LIFR 1C/1CX, and LIFR 5D to LIFR 1D/1DX. Enrollment is limited. Prerequisites: none for 5A; for 5B, two or more years of French in high school or the first semester of college-level French. (Offered in Summer Session only.)

Linguistics/French (LIFR) 11. Elementary French Reading (2–4)

A self-instructional program designed to prepare graduate students to meet reading requirements in French. After a one-week introduction to French orthography/ sound correspondence, students work with a self-instructional textbook. Midterm and final examinations. (F,W,S)

See also “Department of Literature.”

GERMAN

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1A. German Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIGM 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of German.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1AX. Analysis of German (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in German. Must be taken with LIGM 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of German.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1B. German Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIGM 1BX. Prerequisites: LIGM 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1BX. Analysis of German (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in German. Must be taken with LIGM 1B. Prerequisites: LIGM 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1C. German Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIGM 1CX. Prerequisites: LIGM 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1CX. Analysis of German (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in German. Must be taken with LIGM 1C. Prerequisites: LIGM 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1D. German Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in German. Emphasis on speaking, reading, writing, and culture. Practice of the language functions needed for successful communication. Must be taken in conjunction with LIGM 1DX. Successful completion of LIGM 1D and LIGM 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LIGM 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 1DX. Analysis of German (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in German. Must be taken in conjunction with LIGM 1D. Successful completion of LIGM 1D and LIGM 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LIGM 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIGM 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 11. Elementary German Reading (2–4)

A self-instructional program designed to prepare graduate students to meet reading requirements in German. After a one-week introduction to German orthography/sound correspondences, students work with a self-instructional textbook. Midterm and final examinations. (F,W,S)

Linguistics/German (LIGM) 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D. Fundamentals of German (5)

This course concentrates on those language skills essential for communication: listening comprehension, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. UC San Diego students: LIGM 5A is equivalent to LIGM 1A/1AX, LIGM 5B to LIGM 1B/1BX, and LIGM 5C to LIGM 1C/1CX. Enrollment is limited. Prerequisites: none for 5A; for 5B, two or more years of German in high school or the first semester of college-level German. (Offered in Summer Session only.)

See also “Department of Literature.”

GREEK

See “Department of Literature.”

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

HEBREW

See “Judaic Studies.”

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

HERITAGE LANGUAGE PROGRAM

“Heritage” or “incomplete” language acquisition refers to the situation of individuals who are exposed to a language used in their environment during childhood that they may learn to understand or even speak to some degree, but never fully acquire. The idea behind the department’s innovative Heritage Language Program is that such individuals have a set of skills, competencies, and needs that are distinct from those of both native speakers learning to read and write the language for the first time, and also nonnative learners who may study it as a foreign language during adulthood. These individuals therefore require a different type of language instruction, one that builds on and enhances the linguistic skills they already possess, and amplifies their cultural competence and literacy. The Heritage Language Program allows students to work towards developing higher levels of proficiency in order to pursue personal and professional goals.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 112. Filipino for Filipino Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Filipino but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Filipino. Some speaking ability in Filipino recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 132. Advanced Filipino for Filipino Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Filipino. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 113. Armenian for Armenian Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Armenian but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Armenian. Some speaking ability in Armenian recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. (Not offered in 2013–14.)

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 114. Vietnamese for Vietnamese Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Vietnamese but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Vietnamese. Some speaking ability in Vietnamese recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 134. Advanced Vietnamese for Vietnamese Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Vietnamese. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 115. Korean for Korean Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Korean but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Korean. Some speaking ability in Korean recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 135. Advanced Korean for Korean Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Korean. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 116. Arabic for Arabic Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Arabic but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Arabic. Some speaking ability in Arabic recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 136. Advanced Arabic for Arabic Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Arabic. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 117. Persian for Persian Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Persian but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Persian. Some speaking ability in Persian recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 137. Advanced Persian for Persian Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Persian. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 118. Cantonese for Cantonese Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Cantonese but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Cantonese. Some speaking ability in Cantonese recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 138. Advanced Cantonese for Cantonese Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Cantonese. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 119. Hindi for Hindi Speakers (4)

For students who already comprehend informal spoken Hindi but wish to improve their communicative and sociocultural competence and their analytic understanding. Language functions for oral communication, reading, writing, and culture; dialect and language style differences; structure and history of Hindi. Some speaking ability in Hindi recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Heritage Languages (LIHL) 139. Advanced Hindi for Hindi Speakers (4)

Instruction stresses language functions required for advanced oral communication, reading, writing, and cultural understanding in professional contexts. High-level vocabulary and texts; dialect differences and formal language styles (registers). Advanced structural analysis and history of Hindi. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

HINDI

See also Linguistics “Heritage Language Program.”

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1A. Hindi Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of Hindi. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1AX. Analysis of Hindi (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Hindi. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of Hindi. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1B. Hindi Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1BX. Prerequisites: LIHI 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1BX. Analysis of Hindi (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Hindi. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1B. Prerequisites: LIHI 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1C. Hindi Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1CX. Prerequisites: LIHI 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15).

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1CX. Analysis of Hindi (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Hindi. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1C. Prerequisites: LIHI 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1D. Hindi Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1DX. Prerequisites: LIHI 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

Linguistics/Hindi (LIHI) 1DX. Analysis of Hindi (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. This course is taught entirely in Hindi. Must be taken in conjunction with LIHI 1D. Prerequisites: LIHI 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIHI 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent. (Not offered in 2014–15.)

ITALIAN

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1A. Italian Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIIT 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of Italian.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1AX. Analysis of Italian (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Italian. Must be taken with LIIT 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of Italian.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1B. Italian Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIIT 1BX. Prerequisites: LIIT 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIIT 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1BX. Analysis of Italian (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Italian. Must be taken with LIIT 1B. Prerequisites: LIIT 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIIT 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1C. Italian Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIIT 1CX. Prerequisites: LIIT 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIIT 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1CX. Analysis of Italian (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Italian. Must be taken with LIIT 1C. Prerequisites: LIIT 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIIT 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1D. Italian Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIIT 1DX. Successful completion of LIIT 1D and LIIT 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIIT 1C and LIIT 1CX, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 1DX. Analysis of Italian (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in Italian. Must be taken in conjunction with LIIT 1D. Successful completion of LIIT 1D and LIIT 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIIT 1C and LIIT 1CX, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 5AS. Fundamentals of Italian I (5)

A communicative introduction to Italian for students with no prior exposure, with attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, grammar analysis, and culture. Equivalent to LIIT 1A/1AX. Prerequisites: None.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 5BS. Fundamentals of Italian II (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIIT 1A/1AX, 5AS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, grammar analysis, and culture. Equivalent to LIIT 1B/1BX. Prerequisites: LIIT 1A/1AX, 5AS or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 5CS. Fundamentals of Italian III (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIIT 1B/1BX, 5BS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, grammar analysis, and culture. Equivalent to LIIT 1C/1CX. Prerequisites: LIIT 1B/1BX, 5BS or consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Italian (LIIT) 5DS. Fundamentals of Italian IV (5)

A course to increase the proficiency level of students who have completed LIIT 1C/1CX, 5CS or who are at an equivalent level. Attention to listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, grammar analysis, and culture. Equivalent to LIIT1D/1DX. Prerequisites: LIIT 1C/1CX, 5CS or equivalent or consent of instructor.

See also “Department of Literature.”

JAPANESE

See “Japanese Studies.”

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

LATIN

See “Department of Literature.”

PORTUGUESE

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1A. Portuguese Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Emphasis on the language and culture of Brazil. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of Portuguese.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1AX. Analysis of Portuguese (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and reading. The course is taught entirely in Portuguese. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of Portuguese.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1B. Portuguese Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Emphasis on the language and culture of Brazil. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1BX. Prerequisites: LIPO 1A with a grade of C– or better or equivalent and LIPO 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1BX. Analysis of Portuguese (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and reading. The course is taught entirely in Portuguese. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1B. Prerequisites: LIPO 1A with a grade of C– or better or equivalent and LIPO 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1C. Portuguese Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Emphasis on the language and culture of Brazil. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1CX. Prerequisites: LIPO 1B with a grade of C– or better or equivalent and LIPO 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1CX. Analysis of Portuguese (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and reading. The course is taught entirely in Portuguese. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1C. Prerequisites: LIPO 1B with a grade of C– or better or equivalent and LIPO 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1D. Portuguese Conversation (2.5)

Small conversion sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1DX. Successful completion of LIPO 1D and LIPO 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIPO 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LIPO 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 1DX. Analysis of Portuguese (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in Portuguese. Must be taken in conjunction with LIPO 1D. Successful completion of LIPO 1D and LIPO 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Revelle and Eleanor Roosevelt Colleges. Prerequisites: LIPO 1C with a grade of C– or better or equivalent and LIPO 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 15. Intermediate Brazilian Portuguese for the Social Sciences: Social Movements (2.0)

Conducted entirely in Portuguese. Course aims to improve oral language skills through discussions of social science topics, with emphasis on social and political movements in contemporary Brazil. Course materials may encompass televised news broadcasts, newspapers, and periodicals. Prerequisites: LIPO 1D and 1DX or equivalent or by consent of the instructor.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 16. Intermediate Brazilian Portuguese for the Social Sciences: Cultural Movements (2.0)

Conducted entirely in Portuguese. Course aims to improve oral language skills through discussions of social science topics, with emphasis on culture and the arts in contemporary Brazil. Course materials may encompass televised news broadcasts, newspapers, and periodicals. Prerequisites: LIPO 1D and 1DX or equivalent or by consent of instructor.

Linguistics/Portuguese (LIPO) 17. Intermediate Brazilian Portuguese for the Social Sciences: Ethnicity (2.0)

Conducted entirely in Portuguese. Course aims to improve oral language skills through discussions of social science topics, with emphasis on the role of ethnicity in contemporary Brazil. Course materials may encompass televised news broadcasts, newspapers and periodicals. Prerequisites: LIPO 1D and 1DX or equivalent or by consent of instructor.

RUSSIAN

See “Department of Literature.”

See also Linguistics “Directed Study.”

SPANISH

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1A. Spanish Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LISP 1AX. Prerequisites: no prior study of Spanish.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1AX. Analysis of Spanish (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Spanish. Must be taken with LISP 1A. Prerequisites: no prior study of Spanish.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1B. Spanish Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LISP 1BX. Prerequisites: LISP 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1BX. Analysis of Spanish (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Spanish. Must be taken with LISP 1B. Prerequisites: LISP 1A with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1AX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1C. Spanish Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in the target language. Emphasis on listening comprehension, speaking, vocabulary building, reading, and culture. Must be taken in conjunction with LISP 1CX. Prerequisites: LISP 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1CX. Analysis of Spanish (2.5)

Presentation and practice of the basic grammatical structures needed for oral and written communication and for reading. The course is taught entirely in Spanish. Must be taken with LISP 1C. Prerequisites: LISP 1B with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1BX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1D. Spanish Conversation (2.5)

Small conversation sections taught entirely in Spanish. Emphasis on speaking, reading, writing, and culture. Practice of the language functions needed for successful communication. Must be taken in conjunction with LISP 1DX. Successful completion of LISP 1D and LISP 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LISP 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 1DX. Analysis of Spanish (2.5)

Practice of the grammatical functions indispensable for comprehensible communication in the language. The course is taught entirely in Spanish. Must be taken in conjunction with LISP 1D. Successful completion of LISP 1D and LISP 1DX satisfies the requirement for language proficiency in Eleanor Roosevelt and Revelle Colleges. Prerequisites: LISP 1C with a grade of C– or better, or equivalent and LISP 1CX with a grade of D or better, or equivalent.

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D. Fundamentals of Spanish (5)

This course concentrates on those language skills essential for communication: listening comprehension, conversation, reading, writing, and grammar analysis. UC San Diego students: LISP 5A is equivalent to LISP 1A/1AX, LISP 5B to LISP 5B/5BX, LISP 5C to LISP 1C/1CX and LISP 5D to LISP 1D/1DX. Enrollment is limited. Prerequisites: none for 5A; for 5B, two or more years of Spanish in high school or the first semester or the first quarter of college-level Spanish. (Offered in Summer Session only.)

Linguistics/Spanish (LISP) 15, 16, 17. Intermediate Spanish for the Social Sciences (2)

Conducted entirely in Spanish. Course aims to improve oral language skills through discussions of social science topics, with emphasis on political events and current affairs. Course materials encompass televised news broadcasts, newspapers and periodicals. LISP 15 is offered fall quarter only, LISP 16 is offered winter quarter only, and LISP 17 is offered spring quarter only. Each course may be taken one time and need not be taken in sequence. Prerequisites: LISP 1D/DX or at least three semesters/four quarters of college Spanish or by permission of the instructor.

See also “Department of Literature.”

DIRECTED STUDY

Linguistics (LIDS) 19. Directed Study—Language (2–4)

Introductory-level study of a language in the language laboratory on a self-instructional basis. Depending on the availability of appropriate study materials, the course may be taken in blocks of two or four units of credit and may be repeated up to the total number of units available for that language.

  • Albanian
  • American Sign Language
  • Amharic
  • Arabic, Eastern
  • Arabic, Egyptian
  • Arabic, Iraqi
  • Arabic, Moroccan
  • Arabic, Saudi
  • Armenian, Eastern
  • Bengali
  • Bulgarian
  • Burmese
  • Cambodian
  • Catalan
  • Chinese, Cantonese
  • Chinese, Mandarin
  • Chinyanja
  • Cree
  • Czech
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • Esperanto
  • Finnish
  • French
  • Fula
  • German
  • Greek, Modern
  • Haitian Creole
  • Hausa
  • Hawaiian
  • Hebrew, Modern
  • Hindi-Urdu
  • Hungarian
  • Indonesian
  • Irish
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Kannada
  • Kituba
  • Korean
  • Latin
  • Latvian
  • Lithuanian
  • Malay
  • Navajo
  • New Guinea Pidgin
  • Norwegian
  • Persian
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Serbo-Croatian
  • Slovenian
  • Spanish
  • Swahili
  • Swedish
  • Tagalog
  • Taiwanese
  • Telugu
  • Thai
  • Tibetan
  • Turkish
  • Twi
  • Vietnamese
  • Yoruba