Anthropology

All courses, faculty listings, and curricular and degree requirements described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice. Updates may be found on the Academic Senate website: http://senate.ucsd.edu/catalog-copy/approved-updates/.

Courses

For course descriptions not found in the UC San Diego General Catalog, 2014–15, please contact the department for more information.

Note: Not all courses are offered every year. Please check the quarterly Schedule of Classes for specific courses issued fall 2014, winter 2015, and spring 2015.

Lower Division

ANTH 1. Introduction to Culture (4)

An introduction to the anthropological approach to understanding human behavior, with an examination of data from a selection of societies and cultures. (Formerly known as ANLD 1.) Credit not allowed for both ANLD 1 and ANTH 1.

ANTH 2. Human Origins (4)

An introduction to human evolution from the perspective of physical anthropology, including evolutionary theory and the evolution of the primates, hominids, and modern humans. Emphasis is placed on evidence from fossil remains and behavioral studies of living primates. Prerequisite for upper-division biological anthropology courses. (Formerly known as ANLD 2.) Credit not allowed for both ANLD 2 and ANTH 2.

ANTH 3. World Prehistory (4)

This course examines theories and methods used by archaeologists to investigate the origins of human culture. A variety of case studies from around the world are examined. (Recommended for many upper-division archaeology courses.) (Formerly known as ANLD 3.) Credit not allowed for both ANLD 3 and ANTH 3.

ANTH 4. Words and Worlds: Introduction to the Anthropology of Language (4)

How does one’s language mutually interact with the social, cultural, and conceptual worlds one inhabits and mutually constructs with others? This course will introduce the comparative study of social life through the lens of the uniquely human capacity for language.

ANTH 5. Introduction to the Human Skeleton (4)

Introduction to the bones of your body. Learn how the skeleton supports our mode of locomotion, the differences between men and women and across populations, and how nutrition and disease can affect bones. Course examines each bone and functional area.

ANTH 20. Professional Talk: An Anthropological Approach to Language (4)

The practices of law, medicine, education, and others throughout the cultures of the world are mediated by talk: between disputants, between the healthy and the sick, or between learners and teachers. This course introduces the comparative study of language in such professional contexts.

ANTH 21. Race and Racisms (4)

Why does racism still matter? How is racism experienced in the U.S. and across the globe? With insights from the biology of human variation, archaeology, colonial history, and sociocultural anthropology, we examine how notions of race and ethnicity structure contemporary societies.

ANTH 23. Debating Multiculturalism: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in American Societies (4)

This course focuses on the debate about multiculturalism in American society. It examines the interaction of race, ethnicity, and class, historically and comparatively, and considers the problem of citizenship in relation to the growing polarization of multiple social identities. (Formerly known as ANLD 23.) Credit not allowed for both ANLD 23 and ANTH 23.

ANTH 42. The Study of Primates in Nature (4)

Major primate field studies will be studied to illustrate common features of primate behavior and behavioral diversity. Topics will include communication, female hierarchies, protocultural behavior, social learning and tool use, play, cognition, and self-awareness. (Prerequisite for several upper-division biological anthropology courses.) (Formerly known as ANLD 42.) Credit not allowed for both ANLD 42 and ANTH 42.

ANTH 87. Freshman Seminar (1)

The Freshman Seminar Program is designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small seminar setting. Freshman Seminars are offered in all campus departments and undergraduate colleges. Topics vary from quarter to quarter. Enrollment is limited to fifteen to twenty students, with preference given to entering freshmen. Prerequisites: none. (Formerly known as ANLD 87.)

Upper Division

ANTH 101. Foundations of Social Complexity (4)

Course examines archaeological evidence for three key “tipping points” in the human career: (1) the origins of modern human social behaviors, (2) the beginnings of agriculture and village life, and (3) the emergence of cities and states. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Required for all majors in anthropology.)

ANTH 102. Humans Are Cultural Animals (4)

This class examines humans from a comparative perspective; if we ignore culture, what’s left? How do culture and biology interact? And how does biology inform cultural debates over race, sex, marriage, war, peace, etc.? (Note: This is a core course for all anthropology majors. Students may not receive credit for ANTH 102 and ANBI 161.) Prerequisites: ANTH 2 or consent of instructor.

ANTH 103. Sociocultural Anthropology (4)

A systematic analysis of social anthropology and of the concepts and constructs required for cross-cultural and comparative study of human societies. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Required for all majors in anthropology.) (Formerly known as ANPR 105.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 105 and ANTH 103.

ANTH 147. Understanding the Human Social Order: Anthropology and the Long-Term (4)

This course explores the nature of human social systems over the long term. Returning to the original project of anthropology in the broadest sense, we examine the origins and reproduction of the state, social classes, multiethnic configurations, and political economies. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANTH 187B. Intern Seminar in Ethnography and Archaeology  (2)

Seminar complements students’ research in the Academic Internship Program in ethnography and archaeology at the Museum of Man. Readings and discussions focus on problems in the analysis of material culture and classifications of artifacts and site excavations. Research paper required. Prerequisites: ANSC 124 and simultaneous enrollment in AIP 197, Ethnography Archaeology-Museum of Man. Department approval required. (P/NP grades only.)

ANTH 192. Senior Seminar in Anthropology (1)

The Senior Seminar Program is designed to allow senior undergraduates to meet with faculty members in a small group setting to explore an intellectual topic in anthropology (at the upper-division level). Senior Seminars may be offered in all campus departments. Topics will vary from quarter to quarter. Senior Seminars may be taken for credit up to four times, with a change in topic, and consent of the department. Enrollment is limited to twenty students, with preference given to seniors. Prerequisites: upper-division standing; department stamp and/or consent of instructor.

ANTH 195. Instructional Apprenticeship in Anthropology (4)

Course gives students experience in teaching of anthropology at the lower-division level. Students, under direction of instructor, lead discussion sections, attend lectures, review course readings, and meet regularly to prepare course materials and to evaluate examinations and papers. Course not counted toward minor or major. Prerequisites: upper-division standing and consent of instructor and department stamp. Received grade of A in course to be taught or equivalent. (Formerly known as ANPR 195.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 195 and ANTH 195.

ANTH 196A. Thesis Research (4)

Independent preparation of a senior thesis under the supervision of a faculty member. Completion of this course with a grade of at least B+ is a prerequisite to ANTH 196B. Prerequisites: students will be admitted by invitation of the department. Department approval required. (Formerly known as ANPR 196A.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 196A and ANTH 196A.

ANTH 196B. Thesis Research (4)

Independent preparation of a senior thesis under the supervision of a faculty member. Students begin two-quarter sequence in fall quarter. Prerequisites: completion of ANTH 196A with grade of B+ or better. (Formerly known as ANPR 196B.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 196B and ANTH 196B.

ANTH 197. Field Studies (4)

Individually arranged field studies giving practical experience outside the university. Student may take this course twice for credit. Please note: Majors may only apply eight units of approved P/NP credit toward the major, and minors may only apply four units of P/NP credit toward the minor. Please contact the department for a list of courses you may take on a P/NP basis and apply toward the major or minor. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and upper-division standing with minimum GPA of 2.5, and completed and approved Special Studies form. Department approval required. (Formerly known as ANPR 197.)

ANTH 198. Directed Group Study (2–4)

Directed group study on a topic or in a field not included in the regular departmental curriculum by special arrangement with a faculty member. Student may take this course twice for credit. Please note: Majors may only apply eight units of approved P/NP credit toward the major, and minors may only apply four units of P/NP credit toward the minor. Please contact the department for a list of courses you may take on a P/NP basis and apply toward the major or minor. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and upper-division standing with minimum GPA of 2.5, and completed and approved Special Studies form. Department approval required. (Formerly known as ANPR 198.)

ANTH 199. Independent Study (2–4)

Independent study and research under the direction of a member of the faculty. Student may take this course twice for credit. Please note: majors may only apply eight units of approved P/NP credit toward the major, and minors may only apply four units of P/NP credit toward the minor. Please contact the department for a list of courses you may take on a P/NP basis and apply toward the major or minor. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and upper-division standing with minimum GPA of 2.5, and completed and approved Special Studies form. Department approval required. (Formerly known as ANPR 199.)

Anthropology: Archaeology

ANAR 100. Special Topics in Anthropological Archaeology (4)

Course will vary in title and content. When offered, the current description and title is found in the current Schedule of Classes and the Department of Anthropology website. (Can be taken a total of four times as topics vary.) Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANAR 103. Archaeology in the Holy Land (4)

The Holy Land (Israel, Jordan, Palestinian territories) represents a land bridge between Africa and Southwest Asia. Here we explore human foundations from the Paleolithic (ca. 2 million years BP) to the rise of Early Bronze Age cities (ca. 3000 BCE). Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANAR 111. Foundations of Archaeology (4)

(Formerly Anthropological Archaeology) As part of the broad discipline of anthropology, archaeology provides the long chronological record needed for investigating human and social evolution. The theories and methods used in this field are examined. (Archaeology core sequence course.) ANTH 3 is recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 181.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 181 and ANAR 111.

ANAR 112. Ancient Urbanism (4)

The origins and development of early cities in the Old and New Worlds are compared and contrasted from an archaeological anthropological perspective. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANAR 118. Archaeology of the UC San Diego Campus (4)

Our campus houses some of the earliest human settlements in North America. This course reviews the archaeology, climate, and environment of the sites and outlines research aimed at understanding the lives of these early peoples. Prerequisites: upper-division standing and consent of instructors. (Formerly known as ANGN 108.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 108 and ANAR 118.

ANAR 119S. Archaeological Field and Lab Class (8)

The archaeological field and laboratory class will take place at Moquegua, Peru. It is an introduction to the research design of interdisciplinary projects, the technique of data collections, the methods of excavation and postexcavation lab work. Course materials fee is required. Prerequisites: upper-division standing and consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGN 119.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 119 and ANAR 119S.

ANAR 121A. Digital Archaeology: GIS Foundations (4)

Concerns modern archaeological data with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and performing spatial analysis. Lectures and lab exercises—learn spatio-temporal analysis techniques with interactive online computer mapping. Hands-on skills with ArcView, GIS, and several ArcView extensions. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 121.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 121 and ANAR 121A.

ANAR 125. Weapons and Warfare in the Ancient Near East (4)

Warfare has been a central part of human culture and society from earliest times, and the ample archaeological and textual materials from the ancient Near East enable us to understand the development of sociocultural and technological aspects related to warfare from late prehistoric cultures and onward. Here we present relevant issues on weapons, warfare, and related facets from the late Prehistoric, Bronze, and Iron Ages of the ancient Near East, including Egypt, the Levant, Mesopotamia, and beyond. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANAR 140: The Foundation for Social Complexity in the Near East (4)

This course critically examines the theoretical models and archaeological evidence of nascent social complexity and inequality in the Near East. The time period under consideration encompasses the shift from generalized hunting and gathering through complex hunter-gatherers to large-scale agricultural communities. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 115.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 115 and ANAR 140.

ANAR 141. Prehistory of the Holy Land (4)

(Formerly The Archaeology of Society in Syro-Palestine) Israel is a land-bridge between Africa and Asia. Course highlights the prehistory of the Levant and its interconnections from the Paleolithic to the rise of the earliest cities in anthropological perspective. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 116.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 116 and ANAR 141.

ANAR 142. The Rise and Fall of Ancient Israel (4)

(Formerly The Archaeology of Israel in the Iron Age) The emergence and consolidation of the state in ancient Israel is explored by using archaeological data, biblical texts, and anthropological theories. The social and economic processes responsible for the rise and collapse of ancient Israel are investigated. ANTH 3 is recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 150.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 150 and ANAR 142.

ANAR 143. Archaeology, Anthropology, and the Bible (4)

The relationship between archaeological data, historical research, the Hebrew Bible, and anthropological theory are explored along with new methods and current debates in Levantine archaeology. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 184.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 184 and ANAR 143.

ANAR 144. Pharaohs, Mummies, and Pyramids: Introduction to Egyptology (4)

An introductory survey of the archaeology, history, art, and architecture of ancient Egypt that focuses on the men and women who shaped western civilization. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, and ANTH 3 may be taken concurrently. (Formerly known as ANRG 120.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 120 and ANAR 144.

ANAR 145S. Study Abroad: Egypt of the Pharaohs (4)

Introduction to the archaeology, history, art, architecture, and hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt. Taught in the field through visits to important temples, pyramids, palaces, and museums in Egypt. Complementary to ANAR 144. Course/program fee may apply. Prerequisites: consent of instructor only.

ANAR 153. The Mysterious Maya (4)

The archaeology, anthropology, and history of the Maya civilization, which thrived in Mexico and Central America from 1000 BC, until the Spanish conquest. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 113.) Credit not allowed for ANLD 13, ANRG 113, and ANAR 153.

ANAR 154. The Aztecs and their Ancestors (4)

Introduction to the archaeology of the ancient culture of Mexico from the early Olmec culture through the Postclassic Aztec, Tarascan, Zapotec, and Mixtec states. Agriculture; trade and exchange; political and social organization; kinship networks; religious system, ideology, and worldviews. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 125.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 125 and ANAR 154.

ANAR 155S. Study Abroad: Ancient Mesoamerica (4)

Introduction to archaeology of Mesoamerica, taught through visits to important ancient cities and museums of Mexico and Central America. Complementary to ANAR 154. Itinerary and subject will vary, so course may be taken more than once. Course/program fee may apply. Prerequisites: consent of instructor only. (Formerly known as ANRG 106.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 106 and ANAR 155S.

ANAR 156. The Archaeology of South America (4)

This course will examine archaeological evidence for the development of societies in the South American continent. From the initial arrival of populations through to the Inca period and the arrival of the Spaniards. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 121.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 121 and ANAR 156.

ANAR 157. Early Empires of the Andes: The Middle Horizon (4)

The civilizations of Wari and Tiwanaku built the first empires of Andean South America long before the Inca. Middle Horizon (AD 500–1000) mythohistory, urbanism, state origins, art, technology, agriculture, colonization, trade, and conquest are explored using ethnohistory and archaeological sources. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANRG 127.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 127 and ANAR 157.

ANAR 157S. Early Empires of the Andes: The Middle Horizon (4)

The civilizations of Wari and Tiwanaku built the first empires of Andean South America long before the Inca. Middle Horizon (AD 500–1000) mythohistory, urbanism, state origins, art, technology, agriculture, colonization, trade, and conquest are explored using ethnohistory and archaeological sources. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Credit not allowed for ANAR 157, ANAR 157S, and ANRG 127.

ANAR 158. The Inca: Empire of the Andes (4)

The history and culture of the Inca Empire of South America and its fatal encounter with the West. Archaeological excavations, accounts from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and ethnographies of present-day peoples of the Andes are explored. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANRG 128.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 128 and ANAR 158.

ANAR 163. Evolution of Technology (4)

(Formerly Technological Revolutions and Evolution) While not really existing outside the social order, technological systems are basic to civilization. This course examines their growth across six millennia—complex, largely indeterminate, and marked by irregular spurts of acceleration. While comparative, it concentrates on England and America. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 163.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 163 and ANAR 163.

ANAR 170. Research Design in Anthropological Archaeology (4)

This course trains students to design, implement, and conduct research in anthropological archaeology. Writing and presenting work in progress will take place in a seminar-like forum. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANAR 181. The Archaeology of Hunters-Gatherers (4)

Course examines current theoretical issues in the field of hunter-gatherer archaeology. Considerable emphasis is given to ethnographic and ethno-archaeological sources for understanding such topics as prehistoric hunter-gatherer adaptations, culture change, social organization, and intergroup interaction. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. ANTH 3 recommended. (Formerly known as ANGN 103.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 103 and ANAR 181.

ANAR 182. Origins of Agriculture and Sedentism (4)

Varying theoretical models and available archaeological evidence are examined to illuminate the socio-evolutionary transition from nomadic hunter-gathering groups to fully sedentary agricultural societies in the Old and New Worlds. (Archaeology core sequence course.) Prerequisites: upper-division standing. ANTH 3 recommended. (Formerly known as ANGN 182.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 182 and ANAR 182.

ANAR 183. Chiefdoms, States, and the Emergence of Civilizations (4)

The course focuses on theoretical models for the evolution of complex societies and on archaeological evidence for the development of various pre- and protohistoric states in selected areas of the Old and New Worlds. (Archaeology core sequence course.) Prerequisites: upper-division standing. ANTH 3 is recommended. (Formerly known as ANGN 183.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 183 and ANAR 183.

ANAR 184. The Political Economy of Early Empires (4)

Archaeological and textual evidence for selected early empires of pre-Columbian America and the ancient Near East will be used to illuminate cross-cultural similarities and differences in the ways complex precapitalistic societies acquired, produced, exchanged, and distributed wealth. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. ANTH 3 is recommended. (Formerly known as ANGN 130.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 130 and ANAR 184.

ANAR 185. Middle East Desert Cultural Ecology (4)

Field study in Jordan. Examines how cultural systems interact with deserts by examining technology, economic organization, kinship and religion in relation to environmental variables through time. Program fee may apply. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. 

ANAR 190. Middle East Archaeological Field School (12)

The archaeological field school will take place in Jordan. It is an introduction to the design of research projects, the techniques of data collection, and the methods of excavation. Includes postexcavation lab work, study trips, and field journal. Program fee may apply. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANPR 190.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 190 and ANAR 190.

ANAR 191. Advanced Cyber-Archaeology Field School (12)

Students learn advanced field methods in cyber-archaeology and excavation. Includes 3-D data capture tools and processing, digital photography, construction of research designs, cyber-infrastructure. Takes place in Jordan and/or Israel. Program fee may apply. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, for advanced students who have taken ANAR 190 or consent of instructor.

Anthropology: Biological Anthropology

These courses can be counted for the biological anthropology minor or concentration.

ANBI 100. Special Topics in Biological Anthropology (4)

Course usually taught by visiting faculty in biological anthropology. Course will vary in title and content. When offered, the current description and title is found in the current Schedule of Classes and the Department of Anthropology website. (Can be taken a total of four times as topics vary.)

ANBI 109. Brain Mind Workshop (2)

A weekly forum for presentation and discussion of work in anthropology and cognitive neuroscience by faculty, students, and guest speakers. P/NP only. Please note: Majors may only apply eight units of approved P/NP credit toward the major, and minors may only apply four units of P/NP credit toward the minor. Prerequisites: upper division-standing.

ANBI 111. Advanced Principles of Human Evolution (4)

Major stages of human evolution including the fossil evidence for biological and cultural changes through time. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 2 (or equivalent).

ANBI 112. Cytoarchitecture and Stereology (4)

Cytoarchitecture reveals the fundamental structural organization of the human brain and stereology extracts quantitative information in a three dimensional space. Students will learn the principles of both fields and their applications through the design and execution of laboratory experiments. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANBI 140, and consent of instructor.

ANBI 114. Methods in Primate Conservation (4)

Primate (and other vertebrate) conservation involves a variety of methods: field (e.g., population and habitat assessment), computer (e.g. population genetic models), and increasingly the web (e.g. interactive GIS and databases). Course takes problem-solving approach to learning some of these methods. Recommended preparation: ANBI 132/BIEB 176. Prerequisites: ANTH 42 or equivalent; upper-division standing.

ANBI 116. The Evolution of Primate Reproduction (4)

This course examines reproductive biology and its evolution among the Order Primates. Lectures cover the hormonal control of sexual and parental behavior, the evolution of mating systems, mating tactics, and sexual selection. Human reproduction is considered in the comparative perspective. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 2, Human Origins or comparable, or consent of instructor.

ANBI 120. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and Other Ethical Dilemmas (4)

All human endeavors are subject to human biases. We’ll cover several issues that are subject to such biases: “race” concept; transfer of human remains to Native American tribal members; nonhuman primate testing; and use of human materials, including cell lines. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 2.

ANBI 132. Conservation and the Human Predicament (4)

(Same as BIEB 176.) Interdisciplinary discussion of the human predicament, biodiversity crisis, and importance of biological conservation. Examines issues from biological, cultural, historical, economic, social, political, and ethical perspectives emphasizing new approaches and new techniques for safeguarding the future of humans and other biosphere inhabitants. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANLD 2 or ANTH 2 or BILD 3, or consent of instructor.

ANBI 140. The Evolution of the Human Brain (4)

Introduction to the organization of the brain of humans and apes. Overview of the theoretical perspectives on the evolution of the primate cortex and limbic system. Exposure to contemporary techniques applied to the comparative study of the hominoid brain.

ANBI 141. The Evolution of Human Diet (4)

The genotype of our ancestors had no agriculture or animal domestication, or rudimentary technology. Our modern diet contributes to heart disease, cancers, and diabetes. This course will outline the natural diet of primates and compare it with early human diets. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANBI 142. The Primate Skeleton (4)

This course will compare long bones, head, and torso shape in tree-living and ground-living primates. The emphasis is on correlating locomotion with bone shapes. Prerequisites: ANTH 42.

ANBI 143. The Human Skeleton (4)

Learn the bones of your body; how bone pairs differ even within the body, between men, women, ethnic groups; and how nutrition and disease affect them. Course examines each bone and its relation with other bones and muscles that allow your movements. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANBI 144. Human Anatomy (4)

This course will introduce students to the internal structure of the human body through dissection tutorials on CD-ROM. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANBI 145. Bioarchaeology (4)

How are skeletal remains used to reconstruct human livelihoods throughout prehistory? The effects of growth, use, and pathology on morphology and the ways that skeletal remains are understood and interpreted by contemporary schools of thought. Recommend related course in human anatomy. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

ANBI 146. Stable Isotopes in Ecology (4)

The stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen in animal tissues, plant tissues, and soils indicate aspects of diet and ecology. The course will introduce students to this approach for reconstructing paleo-diet, paleo-ecology, and paleo-climate.

ANBI 148. Primate Behavioral Ecology (4)

The course examines various behaviors (e.g., group formation, dispersal, parenting, coalition formation) from a comparative and evolutionary perspective. Observational methodology and analytical methods will also be discussed. Lab sections are required. Strongly recommended: BIEB 100, Biometry or comparable statistics course, and BIEB 164, Sociobiology. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 42.

ANBI 159. Biological and Cultural Perspectives on Intelligence (4)

Attitudes toward other individuals (and species) are often shaped by their apparent “intelligence.” This course discusses the significance of brain size/complexity, I.Q. tests, communication in marine mammals and apes, complex behavioral tactics, and the evolution of intelligence. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, any one of the following: ANTH 2, or ANTH 42, or BILD 3 or consent of instructor.

ANBI 173. Cognition in Animals and Humans (4)

The last divide between humans and other animals is in the area of cognition. A comparative perspective to explore recent radical reinterpretations of the cognitive abilities of different primate species, including humans and their implications for the construction of evolutionary scenarios. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 2 or equivalent introductory course in evolution/animal behavior, or consent of instructor.

ANBI 175. Modeling the Behavior of our Early Ancestors (4)

Models of human evolution combine science and myth. This course examines methods used in reconstructions of human evolution. Models such as “man the hunter” and “woman the gatherer” are examined in light of underlying assumptions, and cultural ideals. Prerequisites: upper-division standing, ANTH 2 or equivalent.

ANBI 187A. Intern Seminar in Physical Anthropology (2)

Seminar complements students’ research in the Academic Internship Program in physical anthropology at the Museum of Man. Readings and discussions focus on anatomy, pathology, and classification and X-ray analysis of skeletal remains. Research paper required. Prerequisites: ANTH 2 (or equivalent) and 3.3 GPA, simultaneous enrollment in AIP 197, Physical Anthropology-Museum of Man. Department approval required. (P/NP grades only.)

ANBI 187C. Intern Seminar in Ethology (2)

Seminar complements students’ research in the Academic Internship Program at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and/or Zoo. Focus on problems of analysis in observational study of animal behavior and conservation in relation to ethological studies. Research paper required. Prerequisites: ANTH 2 (or equivalent) and any of the following: ANBI 116, 148, 159, 175; BIEB 164, 165, 166, 167. Upper-division standing and minimum 3.3 GPA. Simultaneous enrollment in AIP 197, Ethology Zoo. Department approval required. (P/NP grades only.)

Anthropology: Sociocultural Anthropology

ANSC 100. Special Topics in Sociocultural Anthropology (4)

Course usually taught by visiting faculty in sociocultural anthropology. Course will vary in title and content. When offered, the current description and title is found in the current Schedule of Classes and the anthropology department website. (Can be taken a total of four times as topics vary.) Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGN 100.)

ANSC 102. The Anthropology of Work (4)

This course examines how work gives shape to our lives: how having a job relates to our sense of self, how it organizes our time and space, and how it affects our relationships with family and friends. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 103. Photography and Visual Culture (4)

This course considers how people in different cultures define and practice sight. We give special attention to photography, and we ask how different definitions of social relations are reflected and created in ways humans organize their visual worlds. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 107. Meaning and Symbols in Social Life (4)

This course examines anthropological work that understands human individual and collective life to consist centrally of processes of signification, or the making and shaping of meanings. Traditions considered include structuralism, symbolic anthropology, and linguistic/semiotic anthropology (applied beyond language alone). Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 108. Tourism and Global Culture (4)

This course examines structures of interaction between tourists and communities they visit. Topics addressed include authenticity, commodification, primitivism, photography, travel writing, television, stereotypes that tourists and visited peoples hold about each other, and tourism’s links to sociocultural conditions of modernity. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 109. Jokes, Monsters, and Strangers: Otherness within Cultures (4)

This course looks cross-culturally at jokes, monsters, and other actions or relations in which people make otherness central to their lives. We ask how these phenomena relate to anthropological understandings of culture as collective norms of communication and evaluation. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 111. The Chinese Heritage in Taiwan (4)

This course will provide an anthropological perspective on Chinese culture in Taiwan from its earliest settlement to the present, including distinctive Taiwanese variants of traditional Chinese marriage and family life, institutions, festivals, agricultural practices, etc. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 112. Linguistic Anthropology Workshop (2)

A weekly forum for presentation and discussion of work in linguistic anthropology by faculty, students, and guest speakers. Note: majors may only apply eight units of approved P/NP credit toward the major, and minors may only apply four units of P/NP credit toward the minor. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 113. Language, Style, and Youth Identities (4)

Young people draw on language as well as clothing and music to display identities in contemporary societies. We examine the relation of language to race, class, gender, and ethnicity in youth identity construction, especially in multilingual and multiracial societies. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 116. Languages of the Americas: Mayan (4)

An introduction to the languages and cultures of speakers of the Mayan family of languages, with emphasis on linguistic structures, ethnography, and the social history of the region. The course will concentrate on linguistic and ethnographic literature of a single language or sub-branch, emphasizing commonalities with the family and region as a whole. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 117GS. Language and (Multi)Culture (4)

A critical introduction to the study of cultural patterns of thought, action, and expression, in relation to language. Topics include semiotics and structuralism, cognition and categorization, universal vs. particulars, and ethnopoetics. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 118. Language and Culture (4)

An introduction to the study of cultural patterns of thought, action, and expression, in relation to language. We consider comparatively semiotics and structuralism, cognition and categorization, universals versus particulars, ideologies of stasis and change, cultural reconstruction, and ethnopoetics. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 119. Gesture, Communication, and the Body (4)

The course is an introduction to a flourishing area of research that connects linguistic communication to alternate and complementary modalities—manual gesticulation, the face, the body, and aspects of the “lived environment” (spaces, tools, artifacts). Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Credit not allowed for both ANSC 119GS and ANSC 119.)

ANSC 119GS. Gesture, Communication, and the Body (4)

A critical examination of research on gesture and “body language” in comparative perspective, considering cognitive, interactive, and ethnographic bases of “body language” as communication, and the relationship of gesture to speech. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 120. Anthropology of Religion (4)

Explores religious life in various cultures. Topics addressed include the problem of religious meaning, psychocultural aspects of religious experience, religious conversion and revitalization, contrasts between traditional and world religions, religion and social change. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 120.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 120 and ANSC 120.

ANSC 121. Psychological Anthropology (4)

Interrelationships of aspects of individual personality and various aspects of sociocultural systems are considered. Relations of sociocultural contexts to motives, values, cognition, personal adjustment, stress and pathology, and qualities of personal experience are emphasized. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANPR 107.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 107 and ANSC 121.

ANSC 122. Language in Society (4)

After a brief introduction to linguistic concepts, the course covers the relations between culture and language, how languages reflect culture, how languages change, language and social life, language and political policy. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 149.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 149 and ANSC 122.

ANSC 123. Political Anthropology (4)

Humans are goal seekers, some with public goals. Course considers ways goals are pursued, which are desirable, and how this pursuit is carried out at the local level with attention to the parts played by legitimacy and coercion. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 151.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 151 and ANSC 123.

ANSC 124. Cultural Anthropology (4)

A web of problematic meanings lies behind social relationships and institutional frameworks. This perspective plays an important role in the discussion of human affairs. Course considers the concept of culture in anthropology as a particularly forceful statement of such a perspective. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANPR 106.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 106 and ANSC 124.

ANSC 125. Gender, Sexuality, and Society (4)

How are gender and sexuality shaped by cultural ideologies, social institutions, and social change? We explore their connections to such dimensions of society as kinship and family, the state, religion, and popular culture. We also examine alternative genders/sexualities cross-culturally. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 125.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 125 and ANSC 125.

ANSC 126. Childhood and Adolescence (4)

This course examines the diversity of practices of child-rearing, socialization, and enculturation across cultures, and the role of culture in the development of personality, morality, spirituality, sexuality, emotion, and cognition. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 127. Discourse, Interaction, and Social Life (4)

The course considers how social life is constituted and negotiated through language and interaction. How do people establish, maintain, and alter social relationships through face-to-face talk, and how do different modalities of interaction (including discourse and gesture) affect social life? Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 128. Culture and Emotion (4)

This course examines the diversity of emotional experience in human societies and the contribution of the study of emotion to understanding culture and human nature. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 129. Meaning and Healing (4)

This course examines the nature of healing across cultures, with special emphasis on religious and ritual healing. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 130. Hinduism (4)

An anthropological introduction to Hinduism, focusing on basic religious concepts and practices. Topics include myth, ritual, and symbolism; forms of worship; gods and goddesses; the roles of priest and renouncer; pilgrimages and festivals; the life cycle; popular Hinduism, Tantrism. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 108.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 108 and ANSC 130.

ANSC 133. Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East (4)

This course explores the living structures, family and gender relations, economy, and religion in the Middle East. We will especially focus on how people come to terms with recent transformations such as nationalism, literacy, globalism, and Islamism. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 122.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 122 and ANSC 133.

ANSC 134. Global Islam (4)

Course aims to understand the diverse ways in which Muslims give meaning to their religion and use it as a framework to understand the world. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 118.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 118 and ANSC 134.

ANSC 135. Indigenous Peoples of Latin America (4)

Indigenous peoples in the Americas have long been dominated and exploited. They have also resisted and reworked the powerful forces affecting them. This course will trace this centuries-long contestation, focusing on ways anthropological representations have affected those struggles. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 143.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 143 and ANSC 135.

ANSC 136. Traditional Chinese Society (4)

Course examines major institutions and culture patterns of traditional China, especially as studied through ethnographic sources. Topics include familism, religion, agriculture, social mobility, and personality. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 170.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 170 and ANSC 136.

ANSC 137. Chinese Popular Religion (4)

The religious world of ordinary precommunist times, with some reference to major Chinese religious traditions. Background in premodern Chinese history is recommended. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 173.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 173 and ANSC 137.

ANSC 140. Human Rights II: Contemporary Issues (4)

(Same as HMNR 101.) Interdisciplinary discussion that outlines the structure and functioning of the contemporary human rights regime, and then delves into the relationship between selected human rights protections—against genocide, torture, enslavement, political persecution, etc.—and their violation, from the early Cold War to the present. Prerequisites: Anthropology: upper-division or graduate standing or consent of instructor. HMNR: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 141. Language, Politics, and Identity (4)

This course explores the interrelationships of language, politics, and identity in the United States: the ways that language mediates politics and identity, the ways that the connection between identity and language is inherently political, and the ways that political language inevitably draws on identity in both subtle and explicit ways. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 142. Anthropology of Latin America (4)

(This course is conjoined with ANTH 242.) This course will examine the overarching legacies of colonialism, the persistence of indigenous peoples and cultures, the importance of class and land reform, the effects of neoliberalism, and citizens’ efforts to promote social change in contemporary democracies. Undergraduates will be evaluated on the basis of a midterm and final; graduates will do additional reading and will write a twenty-page research paper. Prerequisites: undergraduates: upper-division standing; graduates: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 142.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 142 and ANSC 142.

ANSC 143. Mental Health as Global Health Priority (4)

Why is mental health a global concern? This anthropological course reviews globalization, culture, and mental health. We examine issues of social suffering, stigma, and economic burden associated with mental illness, gender inequality, political violence, "global security," pharmaceutical and illegal drugs. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 144. Immigrant and Refugee Health (4)

Examines physical and mental health sequaelae of internal and transnational movement of individuals and populations due to warfare, political violence, natural disaster, religious persecution, poverty and struggle for economic survival, and social suffering of communities abandoned by migrants and refugees. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 145. Indigenous Peoples of North America (4)

This course addresses: 1) Diversity among traditional Native American cultures with respect to social organization, religion, environmental adaptation, subsistence, and reaction to colonial conquest and domination; and, 2) Contemporary social issues including tribal sovereignty, religious freedom, health, education, gambling, and repatriation of artifacts/remains. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 146. A Global Health Perspective on HIV (4)

An introductory course on HIV taught through a medical student format, with emphasis on research and experiential learning, including observation of physicians providing care for patients from diverse socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds, some of whom may be underinsured/uninsured, homeless, and/or immigrants. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 147. Global Health and the Environment (4)

Examines interactions of culture, health, and environment. Rural and urban human ecologies, their energy foundations, sociocultural systems, and characteristic health and environmental problems are explored. The role of culture and human values in designing solutions will be investigated. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 148. Global Health and Cultural Diversity (4)

Introduction to global health from the perspective of medical anthropology on disease and illness, cultural conceptions of health, doctor-patient interaction, illness experience, medical science and technology, mental health, infectious disease, and health-care inequalities by ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 150. Culture and Mental Health (4)

This course reviews mental health cross-culturally and transnationally. Issues examined are cultural shaping of the interpretation, experience, symptoms, treatment, course, and recovery of mental illness. World Health Organization findings of better outcome in non-European and North American countries are explored. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 151. U.S.-Mexico Border Ethnographies (4)

This course examines ethnographies of the U.S.-Mexican borderlands to understand how the binational relationship shapes social life on both sides of the border. Topics discussed will include the maquiladora industry, drug trafficking, militarization, migration, tourism, missionary work, feminicide, and prostitution. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 152. Cultures of Crisis and Political Correctness (4)

This course will focus on the way subjective experience is transformed in situations related to crisis and rapid social change and how cultural creativity is reconfigured in a way that generates a family of phenomena of which political correctness is a prime example. New undergraduate course that expands offerings in cultural and political anthropology. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 154. Gender and Religion (4)

How and why is gender important to religious practices, doctrines, and ideologies? Focusing on modern Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, we will look at women's involvement in religious movements as well as religious debates over issues of gender, sexuality, and marriage.Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 157. Imagining City and Community in Modern Europe (4)

The peoples of Europe are in a process of social and political integration with global implications. This course will introduce students to the anthropological study of Europe by considering the social experience, and the built environment, of the European city. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 160. Nature, Culture, and Environmentalism (4)

Course examines theories concerning the relation of nature and culture. Particular attention is paid to explanations of differing ways cultures conceptualize nature. Along with examples from non-Western societies, the course examines the Western environmental ideas embedded in contemporary environmentalism. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 160.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 160 and ANSC 160.

ANSC 162. Language, Identity, and Community (4)

This course examines the use of language difference in negotiating identity in bilingual and bidialectal communities, and in structuring interethnic relations. It addresses social tensions around language variation and the social significance of language choices in several societies. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 112.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 112 and ANSC 162.

ANSC 163. Culture and Communication in Education (4)

(Formerly Anthropology of Education) The ways in which language and culture influence educational goals and processes. Cultural and sociolinguistic explanations of school successes and failures are examined. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 117.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 117 and ANSC 163.

ANSC 164. Introduction to Medical Anthropology (4)

Basic concepts and theory of medical anthropology are introduced and applied to comparison of medical systems including indigenous and biomedical, taking into account cross-cultural variation in causal explanation, diagnosis, perception, management, and treatment of illness and disease. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 128.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 128 and ANSC 164.

ANSC 165. Contemporary South Asia (4)

This course explores contemporary cultural life in South Asia by examining selected works of literature, film, and ethnography. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 166. Film and Culture in Asia (4)

Explores films from China, India, Japan and other Asian countries. Popular, documentary, and ethnographic films are examined for what they reveal about family life, gender, politics, religion, social change and everyday experience in South Asia. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 167. Rituals and Celebrations (4)

Explores the nature and significance of ritual. The course will examine religious rituals, civic festivals, and popular celebrations. Topics include ritual symbolism, social and psychological aspects of ritual, life cycle rites, urban festivals, ritual theory. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 167.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 167 and ANSC 167.

ANSC 168. The Human Condition (4)

This course explores experiences of the human life cycle—birth, death, love, family relations, coming of age, suffering, the quest for identity, the need for meaning—from diverse cultural perspectives. Examines anthropological thought concerning what it means to be human. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 169. Culture and Environment: Research Seminar and Practicum (4)

Examines the role of culture in the way people perceive and interact with the natural environment. Combines reading of select anthropological studies with training in ethnographic research methods. Students develop a research project and analyze data. Limit: fifteen students. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 170. Modernity and Human Experience (4)

What is modernity? How does it shape human experience? Using selected works of art, film, literature, anthropology, philosophy and social theory, the course explores conceptions of self, identity, and culture that characterize modernity. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 171. Multimodal Methods in Ethnography (4)

Examines methods for employing iconic recording techniques into ethnographic field research, with an emphasis on digital audio and video recording technologies and analysis. Prerequisites: upper-division standing.

ANSC 172. Life-History Seminar and Practicum (4)

Examines life-history research as a method for understanding the cultural and psychological experience of people. Combines reading of life-histories with training in life-history research methods. Students develop a life-history project, conduct interviews, and analyze data. (Formerly known as ANGN 172.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 172 and ANSC 172. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. ANSC 121 or concurrent enrollment in ANSC 121 and consent of instructor.

ANSC 174. Sex and Money: the Anthropology of Sex Work (4)

This course examines ideologies surrounding intersections of sex and money as well as ethnographies of sex workers in diverse contexts throughout the world. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

ANSC 189. The Anthropology of the End of the World: Millenarian Movements Across Cultures (4)

Course focuses on historical and contemporary millenarian movements in the Western and non-Western world. Topics addressed include origins, role of prophets, conceptions of time, relation to politics, and influence on social change. Examples include Christian and non-Christian movements. Prerequisites: upper-division standing. (Formerly known as ANGN 189.) Credit not allowed for both ANGN 189 and ANSC 189.

Graduate

ANTH 201. Special Topics in Anthropological Archaeology (4)

Course usually taught by visiting faculty in anthropological archaeology. Course will vary in title and content. When offered, the current description and title is found in the current Schedule of Classes on TritonLink, and the Department of Anthropology website. (Can be taken a total of four times as topics vary.) (Formerly known as ANGR 201.)

ANTH 202. Olmec and Maya Archaeology (4)

Course examines the birth of Olmec and Maya civilizations in the Formative period, the rise of city states during the Early Classic, the decline of the Classic Maya, and the resurgence of the Postclassic period. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 202.)

ANTH 206. Race, Ethnicity, and Citizenship (4)

This graduate seminar examines how racial and ethnic categories are constructed, how contemporary societies manage difference through multicultural policies, and how discourses and institutions of citizenship can act as sites of contestation over inclusion and exclusion. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 210. Religion and Globalization (4)

Examines the worldwide resurgence of religion in the context of migration, missionization, the media, postcolonialism, and personal mobility in contemporary global culture. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 212. Advanced Topics in Biological Anthropology (4)

A critical exploration of timely and/or controversial topics in biological anthropology. Course will vary in title and content. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 212.)

ANTH 213. Anthropology and Mental Health (4)

This seminar examines intersection of anthropology and psychiatry. Topics include cultural conceptions and social determinants of anxiety, depression, trauma, and psychosis, corporeal experience and manifestation of illness, transnational variation in course and outcome, global circulation of psychiatric knowledge/practice and pharmaceuticals. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 215. Advanced Topics in Sociocultural Anthropology (4)

A critical exploration of timely and/or controversial topics in sociocultural anthropology. Course will vary in title and content. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 216. Global Pentecostalism (4)

Pentecostal and charismatic Christianity have recently expanded around the globe. This course explores the cultural and social processes facilitating their spread and examines how these kinds of Christianity shape social life, politics, gender relations, and economic practices in convert societies. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 216.) Credit not allowed for both ANGR 216 and ANTH 216.

ANTH 217. Materiality (4)

The opposition between materiality and ideology structures our practice as social scientists and as neoliberal citizens. This course explores the underpinnings of this division, its current manifestations, and attempts to trouble it analytically, methodologically, and politically. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 218. Anthropology of the State and Governance (4)

This seminar deals with recent developments in the anthropology of the political: contemporary forms of power and governance; the formation of the subject; imperial regimes and colonial/postcolonial orders; “governmentality”; global process and the contemporary transformations of the state and governance. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 219. Seminar in Political Anthropology (4)

The focus here is “politics,” broadly constructed, in various societies. Analysis is from the perspective of the recourses deployed by all involved, including but not limited to power, with emphasis on the role of culture and social structure. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 219.)

ANTH 220. The Human Body in Discourse and Experience (4)

This is an interdisciplinary seminar examining the place of the body and embodiment in contemporary culture and culture theory. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 221. Phenomenology of Perception (4)

This seminar will focus on a close and intensive reading of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s masterwork, The Phenomenology of Perception. Emphasis will be placed on the relevance of this work for theory, method, and practice in the social sciences. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 221.) Credit not allowed for both ANGR 221 and ANTH 221.

ANTH 222. Anthropological Studies of Subjectivity (4)

The study of subjectivity has emerged as an anthropological focal point for theorizing the interconnections among culture, experience, and power. This seminar explores the shaping of the lived experience and structures of knowledge that reciprocally produce forms of subjectivity. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 223. Anthropological Interviewing (4)

The course teaches techniques of long-term, intensive interviewing in fieldwork settings with an emphasis on psychodynamic inference and its usefulness in different cultural settings. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 223.)

ANTH 224. Advanced Topics in the Anthropology of Gender (4)

A critical analysis of ethnographic and theoretical texts focusing on the sociocultural study of gender. We will also draw on studies of gender and feminist theory from other disciplines (e.g., history, philosophy) to illuminate issues relevant to anthropology. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 224.)

ANTH 225. Andean Prehistory: Rise of Complexity (4)

This course examines the rise of complex societies in the Andean region from the Preceramic through the rise of chiefdoms, states, and empires. Readings focus on archaeological and some ethnohistoric and ethnographic sources. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 226. Ethnography of Christianity (4)

Directed to graduate students planning ethnographic work in Christian societies, this course explores variations in the interpretation and expression of Christianity using historical and ethnographic sources. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 226.)

ANTH 229. Religion and Healing (4)

This seminar is an in-depth analysis of cultural meaning, personal experience, and therapeutic process in ritual healing, emphasizing performative/persuasive aspects of the relation between religion and health in comparative, cross-cultural perspective. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 230. Department Colloquium (1)

A forum to present work by faculty, students, and guests. Course will be offered quarterly. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 230.)

ANTH 232. Labor and Semiotics (4)

Indexing a social identity is an achievement; it takes work. But what kind? This course examines Peircean semiotics as a theory of labor, putting it into conversation with traditional Marxist and practice-based conceptualizations of labor. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 234. Dynamics of Culture (4)

Examination of the actual operation of culture with attention to the importance of cultural products and social structures. Course goal is to develop skill in understanding the influence, direct and indirect, of culture and behavior. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 234.)

ANTH 239. Contemporary Religious Movements (4)

Recent decades have witnessed the dramatic rise of religious movements worldwide, posing challenges to secular models of modernity. We will study the sociocultural and political implications of this phenomenon comparatively, focusing especially on new forms of Islamic and Christian practice. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 242. Anthropology of Latin America (4)

(This course is conjoined with ANSC 142.) This course will examine the overarching legacies of colonialism, the persistence of indigenous peoples and cultures, the importance of class and land reform, the effects of neoliberalism, and citizens’ efforts to promote social change in contemporary democracies. Undergraduates will be evaluated on the basis of a midterm and final; graduates will do additional reading and will write a twenty-page research paper. Prerequisites: undergraduates: upper-division standing; graduates: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANRG 142.) Credit not allowed for both ANRG 142 and ANSC 142.

ANTH 243. Mental Health as Global Health Priority (4)

Why is mental health a global concern? This anthropological course reviews globalization, culture, and mental health. We examine issues of social suffering, stigma, and economic burden associated with mental illness, gender inequality, political violence, "global security," pharmaceutical and illegal drugs. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 244. Andean Prehistory: Origins of Chiefdoms and States (4)

This seminar examines the prehistory of the Andean region from the peopling of the New World through the formation of Archaic, Preceramic, and Initial periods; the Chavin Horizon; and the Nasca and Moche States of the Early Intermediate Period. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 244.) Credit not allowed for both ANGR 244 and ANTH 244.

ANTH 245. The Middle Horizon (4)

This seminar compares the distinct urban and expansive state phenomenae of the highland Wari and Tiwanaku cultures (AD 500–1000) with emphasis on their formative origins and the ideological, agrarian, and technological foundations of Middle Horizon political development. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 245.) Credit not allowed for both ANGR 245 and ANTH 245.

ANTH 246. The Inca and the Late Horizon (4)

This seminar considers the ethnohistory, ethnography, and archaeology of the Inca Empire Tawantinsuyu, with emphasis on the economic, social, and ideological foundations of the Cusco Inca state and the dynamics of Inca imperial expansion throughout Andean South America. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 246.) Credit not allowed for both ANGR 246 and ANTH 246.

ANTH 247. Multimodal Interaction (4)

Human society evolved in the context of face-to-face interaction. The course will examine methods and theoretical approaches to different modalities of interaction—especially speech, gesture, and gaze—their mutual integration, and their relevance to ethnography. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 247.) Credit not allowed for both ANPR 247 and ANTH 247.

ANTH 248. Global Health and Cultural Diversity (4)

This seminar investigates global health from the perspective of medical anthropology on disease and illness; cultural conceptions of health; doctor-patient interaction; illness experience; medical science and technology; mental health; infectious disease; and health-care inequalities by ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 249. Gender and Mental Health (4)

This course examines gender and mental health by considering social, cultural, and biological explanations for problems such as depression, trauma, anxiety, drugs/alcohol use. Cross-cultural similarities and differences of gender are considered with respect to etiology, epidemiology, symptomatology, treatment, and recovery. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 251. The Ethnography of Modernity (4)

How is the idea of modernity experienced in diverse cultural and historical settings? This seminar focuses on ethnographic representations of modernity, exploring such topics as globalization, mass media, consumerism, gender and modernity, modern religious movements, and theories of modernity. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

ANTH 252. Interrogating Neoliberalism (4)

This seminar will consider the theoretical constructions and deployments of neoliberalism, which has produced an assemblage of capitalist restructuring, transformed governance, and newly produced subjectivities. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 256. Seminar on Brain Evolution (4)

We will review the neural basis of cognition in humans and other primates. Neurobiological findings will be related to contributions from various subfields of anthropology. Brain/mind associations will be explored in the context of hominid evolution. Prerequisites: graduate student in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 256.)

ANTH 257. Mind, Self, and Identity (4)

This seminar critically examines social, cultural, and psychological theories of the person, and their relationship to conceptions of the person found in moral political and religious discourses. It explores the role of concepts of the person in ethnographic research. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 257.)

ANTH 258. Analytical Methods in Archaeology (4)

Specialized scientific techniques are increasingly important to archaeology. This seminar examines chronometric date techniques, site-formation processes, and geoarchaeology and pedology, chemical analyses of soils, zooarchaeology, palaeoethnobotany, and how land-use strategies can be inferred from archaeological remains. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 258.)

ANTH 259. Gender and Mental Health (4)

This seminar in psychological/psychiatric anthropology takes a comparative approach to the study of gender and mental health. Culture and feminist theory is employed to address questions of gender in relation to various problems, such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 260. Psychodynamic Anthropology (4)

The focus of the seminar will be on the relation between psychodynamic models and culture and society. Readings and discussion. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 260.)

ANTH 261. Audio and Video Methods in Ethnography (4)

A seminar/laboratory exploration, both theoretical and practical, of iconic recording tools in ethnography, focusing on graphic images, photography, and audio and video recording in both natural and semiexperimental settings, with special critical attention to epistemological and theoretical bases of ethnographic representations. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology (AN 75, AN 77) or consent of instructor.

ANTH 262. New Directions in Culture, Politics, and History (4)

Anthropology has long analyzed the relations between culture, economics, and politics. This seminar will examine these issues through ethnographic and historical accounts, engaging contemporary theory and debates. Prerequisites: graduate standing.

ANTH 263. Anthropology of Language and Discourse (4)

Examines the theoretical and methodological foundations and principal research questions of Linguistic Anthropology, providing the fundaments for graduate study in this area. Required for students specializing in Linguistic Anthropology and open to other students. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 263.)

ANTH 274. Debates in Anthropology (4)

This seminar will review a series of current or recent significant debates in anthropology. The debates will be examined in the light of their substantive, theoretical, and epistemological implications, with some attention to the rhetorical elements of the arguments themselves. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 274.)

ANTH 279. Special Topics in Language and Society (4)

Selected topics in the anthropology of language, such as linguistic ideology, language and identity, multilingualism, discourse analysis. Topics will vary from year to year, and the course may be repeated with instructor’s permission. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 279.)

ANTH 280A. Core Seminar in Social Anthropology (4)

Core seminar focuses on individual action and social institutions. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 280A.)

ANTH 280B. Core Seminar in Cultural Anthropology (4)

Core seminar focuses on personal consciousness and cultural experience. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 280B.)

ANTH 280C. Core Seminar in Psychological Anthropology (4)

Core seminar focuses on motives, values, cognition, and qualities of personal experience. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 280C.)

ANTH 280D. Core Seminar in Anthropological Archaeology (4)

Seminar focuses on the development of archaeological theory. Required of archaeological and biological anthropology graduate students, sociocultural students may take this course to fulfill core distribution requirement. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 280D.)

ANTH 280E. Core Seminar in Biological Anthropology (4)

This seminar will examine the central problems and concepts of biological anthropology, laying the foundation for first-year graduate students in Biological Anthropology as well as providing an overview of the field for graduate students in other areas of anthropology. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 280E.)

ANTH 281A. Introductory Seminar (1)

These seminars are held in the first two quarters of the first year of graduate study. Faculty members will present an account of their current research and interests. When appropriate a short preliminary reading list will be given for the particular lecture. Prerequisites: first-year graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 281A.)

ANTH 281B. Introductory Seminar (1)

Continuation of seminars held in the first two quarters of the first year of graduate study. Faculty members will present an account of their current research and interests. When appropriate a short preliminary reading list will be given for the particular lecture. Prerequisites: first-year graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 281B.)

ANTH 283A. Fieldwork Seminar (4)

A seminar given to acquaint students with the techniques and problems of fieldwork. Students carry out ethnographic field research in a local community group under faculty supervision. Prerequisites: anthropology graduate students or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 283A.)

ANTH 284. Master Writing Practicum (4)

This workshop is designed for second year students writing their MA theses. It includes study of thesis and article writing styles, standards of documentation, and argumentation. Students will be expected to share their work with each other. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology.

ANTH 285. Grants Writing Practicum (4)

This workshop is designed for third and fourth year students writing grant proposals for dissertation research. Students will learn grant writing, research methods, ethics, and budgets. Students will be expected to share their work with each other. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology.

ANTH 286. Topics in Anthropological Archaeology (4)

Seminar examines the central problems and concepts of archaeological anthropology, laying the foundation for first-year graduate students. Also provides an overview of the field in other areas of archaeology. Entire anthropological archaeology faculty and graduate students participate. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology. (Formerly known as ANGR 286.)

ANTH 288. Archaeology Practicum (12)

Field and laboratory training for graduate students in archaeology. Students will design and implement archaeological fieldwork or analyze data collected in the field. Prerequisites: consent of the instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 288.)

ANTH 289S. Tanzania Anthropogeny Study Tour (1–4)

Graduate students will visit key sites representing the three major approaches to studying human origins: fossils evidence, comparison with nonhumans, and study of human foragers. Visits will be combined with lectures, discussion, and brief training in conducting relevant field research. Prerequisites: graduate standing; department authorization required.

ANTH 291. Archaeology of Highland Mexico (4)

Survey of Mesoamerican archaeology focusing on highland Mexico. Topics covered: settling of Mesoamerica, agricultural origins, development of social complexity, rise of cities, emergence of large-scale states. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 291.)

ANTH 292. Social Evolution/Iron Age Levant (4)

The Iron Age (ca. 1200–586 BCE) represents the rise of small secondary states throughout the southern Levant. Seminar explores these archaic states through ideology, technology, subsistence, trade and social organization based on archaeological data, historical texts, and anthropological models. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (Formerly known as ANGR 292.)

ANTH 293. Primate Socioecology (4)

Course examines theories for the causes of sociality in primates. Implications for our understanding of human evolution are considered. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor. (Formerly known as ANGR 293.)

ANTH 295. Master’s Thesis Preparation (1–12)

The student will work on the master’s thesis under the direction of the departmental committee chair. The course will be taken in the student’s second year. Prerequisites: graduate student in anthropology and consent of master’s thesis chair. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 295.)

ANTH 296. Dissertation Fieldwork Proposal Preparation (4)

The student will work in cooperation with his or her departmental committee to develop a research proposal for the doctoral research project. Prerequisites: graduate standing in anthropology and consent of departmental committee chair. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 296A/296B.)

ANTH 297. Research Practicum (1–4)

Supervised advanced research studies with individual topics to be selected according to the student’s special interests. Prerequisites: for anthropology graduate students who have returned from their field research. (S/U grades permitted.) (Formerly known as ANGR 297.)

ANTH 298. Independent Study (1–4)

Supervised study of individually selected anthropological topics under the direction of a member of the faculty. Prerequisites: graduate standing. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 298.)

ANTH 299. Dissertation Research (1–12)

Prerequisites: PhD candidacy in anthropology. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 299.)

ANTH 500. Apprentice Teaching (4)

Anthropology graduate students participate in the undergraduate teaching program during one quarter anytime in the first four years of residence. Teaching may be in the anthropology department or other departments or programs on campus. Equivalent to duties expected of a 50 percent TA. Enrollment in four units documents the PhD requirement. Prerequisites: graduate student in anthropology. (S/U grades only.) (Formerly known as ANGR 500.)